Definition of Turn

Pronunciation: tûrn
v. t.1.To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to make to change position so as to present other sides in given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, to turn a wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head.
[imp. & p. p. Turned (tûrnd); p. pr. & vb. n. Turning.]
Turn the adamantine spindle round.
- Milton.
The monarch turns him to his royal guest.
- Pope.
2.To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost; to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the outside of; to reverse the position of; as, to turn a box or a board; to turn a coat.
3.To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; - used both literally and figuratively; as, to turn the eyes to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship from her course; to turn the attention to or from something.
Thrice I deluded her, and turned to sport
Her importunity.
- Milton.
My thoughts are turned on peace.
- Addison.
4.To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to apply; to devote.
Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David.
- 1 Chron. x. 14.
God will make these evils the occasion of a greater good, by turning them to advantage in this world.
- Tillotson.
When the passage is open, land will be turned most to cattle; when shut, to sheep.
- Sir W. Temple.
5.To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; - often with to or into before the word denoting the effect or product of the change; as, to turn a worm into a winged insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse; to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to turn good to evil, and the like.
The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee.
- Deut. xxx. 3.
And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
- 2 Sam. xv. 31.
Impatience turns an ague into a fever.
- Jer. Taylor.
6.To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion (anything) by applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, to turn the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal.
I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned.
- Shak.
7.Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in proper condition; to adapt.
His limbs how turned, how broad his shoulders spread !
- Pope.
He was perfectly well turned for trade.
- Addison.
8.To translate; to construe; as, to turn the Iliad.
Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown.
- Pope.
9.To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as, to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly.
9.To make a turn about or around (something); to go or pass around by turning; as, to turn a corner.
The ranges are not high or steep, and one can turn a kopje instead of cutting or tunneling through it.
- James Bryce.
To be turned of
to be advanced beyond; as, to be turned of sixty-six.
To turn a cold shoulder to
to treat with neglect or indifference.
To turn a corner
a - to go round a corner.
b - To advance beyond a difficult stage in a project, or in life.
To turn adrift
to cast off, to cease to care for.
To turn a flange
(Mech.) to form a flange on, as around a metal sheet or boiler plate, by stretching, bending, and hammering, or rolling the metal.
To turn against
a - To direct against; as, to turn one's arguments against himself.
b - To make unfavorable or hostile to; as, to turn one's friends against him.
To turn a hostile army
(Mil.) to pass round it, and take a position behind it or upon its side.
To turn a penny
to make a small profit by trade, or the like.
To turn around one's finger
to have complete control of the will and actions of; to be able to influence at pleasure.
To turn aside
to avert.
To turn away
a - To dismiss from service; to discard; as, to turn away a servant.
b - To avert; as, to turn away wrath or evil.
To turn back
a - To give back; to return.
We turn not back the silks upon the merchants,
When we have soiled them.
- Shak.
I'll turn you out of my kingdom.
- Shak.
This house is turned upside down since Robin Ostler died.
- Shak.
10.To sicken; to nauseate; as, an emetic turns one's stomach.
v. i.1.To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man turns on his heel.
The gate . . . on golden hinges turning.
- Milton.
2.Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge; to depend; as, the decision turns on a single fact.
Conditions of peace certainly turn upon events of war.
- Swift.
3.To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to issue.
4.To be deflected; to take a different direction or tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently applied; to be transferred; as, to turn from the road.
Turn from thy fierce wrath.
- Ex. xxxii. 12.
Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways.
- Ezek. xxxiii. 11.
The understanding turns inward on itself, and reflects on its own operations.
- Locke.
5.To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to grow; as, wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one color turns to another; to turn Muslim.
I hope you have no intent to turn husband.
- Shak.
Cygnets from gray turn white.
- Bacon.
6.To undergo the process of turning on a lathe; as, ivory turns well.
7.To become acid; to sour; - said of milk, ale, etc.
8.To become giddy; - said of the head or brain.
I'll look no more;
Lest my brain turn.
- Shak.
8.(Print.) To invert a type of the same thickness, as temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
To turn about
to face to another quarter; to turn around.
To turn again
to come back after going; to return.
To turn against
to become unfriendly or hostile to.
- Shak.
To turn aside
a - To turn from the direct course; to withdraw from a company; to deviate.
b - To depart; to remove.
c - To avert one's face.
To turn back
to turn so as to go in an opposite direction; to retrace one's steps.
To turn in
a - To bend inward.
b - To enter for lodgings or entertainment.
c - To go to bed.
To turn into
to enter by making a turn; as, to turn into a side street.
To turn off
to be diverted; to deviate from a course; as, the road turns off to the left.
To turn on
a - To turn against; to confront in hostility or anger.
b - To reply to or retort.
c - To depend on; as, the result turns on one condition.
To turn out
a - To move from its place, as a bone.
b - To bend or point outward; as, his toes turn out.
c - To rise from bed.
d - To come abroad; to appear; as, not many turned out to the fire.
e - To prove in the result; to issue; to result; as, the crops turned out poorly.
To turn over
to turn from side to side; to roll; to tumble.
To turn round
a - To change position so as to face in another direction.
b - To change one's opinion; to change from one view or party to another.
To turn to
to apply one's self to; to have recourse to; to refer to.
To turn to account
to be made profitable or advantageous; to become worth the while.
- Locke.
To turn under
to bend, or be folded, downward or under.
To turn up
a - To bend, or be doubled, upward.
b - To appear; to come to light; to transpire; to occur; to happen.
9.To be nauseated; - said of the stomach.
10.To become inclined in the other direction; - said of scales.
11.To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; - said of the tide.
12.(Obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
n.1.The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution; as, the turn of a wheel.
2.Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs; alteration; vicissitude; as, the turn of the tide.
At length his complaint took a favorable turn.
- Macaulay.
The turns and varieties of all passions.
- Hooker.
Too well the turns of mortal chance I know.
- Pope.
3.One of the successive portions of a course, or of a series of occurrences, reckoning from change to change; hence, a winding; a bend; a meander.
And all its [the river's] thousand turns disclose.
Some fresher beauty varying round.
- Byron.
4.A circuitous walk, or a walk to and fro, ending where it began; a short walk; a stroll.
Come, you and I must walk a turn together.
- Shak.
I will take a turn in your garden.
- Dryden.
5.Successive course; opportunity enjoyed by alternation with another or with others, or in due order; due chance; alternate or incidental occasion; appropriate time.
His turn will come to laugh at you again.
- Denham.
Every one has a fair turn to be as great as he pleases.
- Collier.
6.Incidental or opportune deed or office; occasional act of kindness or malice; as, to do one an ill turn.
Had I not done a friendes turn to thee?
- Chaucer.
thanks are half lost when good turns are delayed.
- Fairfax.
7.Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigence; as, this will not serve his turn.
I have enough to serve mine own turn.
- Shak.
8.Form; cast; shape; manner; fashion; - used in a literal or figurative sense; hence, form of expression; mode of signifying; as, the turn of thought; a man of a sprightly turn in conversation.
The turn of both his expressions and thoughts is unharmonious.
- Dryden.
The Roman poets, in their description of a beautiful man, often mention the turn of his neck and arms.
- Addison.
9.A change of condition; especially, a sudden or recurring symptom of illness, as a nervous shock, or fainting spell; as, a bad turn.
10.A fall off the ladder at the gallows; a hanging; - so called from the practice of causing the criminal to stand on a ladder which was turned over, so throwing him off, when the signal was given.
11.A round of a rope or cord in order to secure it, as about a pin or a cleat.
12.(Mining) A pit sunk in some part of a drift.
13.(Eng. Law) A court of record, held by the sheriff twice a year in every hundred within his county.
14.(Med.) Monthly courses; menses.
15.(Mus.) An embellishment or grace (marked thus, ), commonly consisting of the principal note, or that on which the turn is made, with the note above, and the semitone below, the note above being sounded first, the principal note next, and the semitone below last, the three being performed quickly, as a triplet preceding the marked note. The turn may be inverted so as to begin with the lower note, in which case the sign is either placed on end thus , or drawn thus .
By turns
a - One after another; alternately; in succession.
b - At intervals.
In turn
in due order of succession.
- Milton.
To a turn
exactly; perfectly; as, done to a turn; - a phrase alluding to the practice of cooking on a revolving spit.
To take turns
to alternate; to succeed one another in due order.
Turn and turn about
by equal alternating periods of service or duty; by turns.
Turn bench
a simple portable lathe, used on a bench by clock makers and watchmakers.
Turn buckle
See Turnbuckle, in Vocabulary.
Turn cap
a sort of chimney cap which turns round with the wind so as to present its opening to the leeward.
Turn of life
(Med.) change of life. See under Change.
- G. Francis.
Turn screw
a screw driver.

Related Words

Charybdis, Platonic form, Platonic idea, S-curve, a thing for, aberrancy, aberration, about ship, about-face, access, acciaccatura, accommodation, accomplished fact, accomplishment, achievement, act, act of grace, act of kindness, acta, action, activate, adapt, adaptation, addle, adjustment, adventure, advert to, aesthetic form, affinity, afterpiece, agiotage, aim, aim at, air, airing, alienate, all the time, alteration, alternate, alternately, always, ambit, amble, ameliorate, amelioration, an ear for, an eye for, anamorphism, anamorphosis, anchor watch, angle, angle off, animus, apostasy, appeal to, appear, apply, apply to, appoggiatura, aptitude, aptness, arabesque, arbitrage, arc, arch, archetype, arise, arouse, arrive, arsis, art form, assail, assemble, asymmetry, at every turn, attack, attend, axe, back and fill, backing, backsliding, bad turn, balk, bate, be changed, be contingent on, be converted into, be here again, be hostile to, be renewed, bear, bear away, bear off, bear to starboard, bearing, beat, beat about, beat back, beat it, bend, bend back, bend to, bending, benefaction, benefit, benevolence, benignity, bent, betray, betterment, bias, bit, blessing, block, blow, blunt, bolt, boon, bore, bottom out, bout, bow, bowing, box off, branch off, branching off, break, break back, bring about, bring out, bring over, bring round, bring to light, brow, buckle, buckle down, build, bump, business deal, buying in, by turns, cadence, cadenza, call off, campaign, cant, cant round, capacity for, capsize, carriage, cashier, cast, cast about, chance, change back, change course, change into, change of heart, change the bearing, change the heading, changeableness, character, chaser, check, checker, chop, chop and change, circuit, circuitousness, circulation, circumrotate, circumvolute, circumvolution, climacteric, clutch, coil, coin, color, coloratura, come, come about, come across, come again, come and go, come around, come into, come round, come round again, come up, come up again, commercial transaction, complexion, conatus, concern, concoct, conduce, conduciveness, configuration, conflexure, conformation, consider, constantly, constitution, constitutional, construct, construction, constructive change, continuity, contort, contortion, contribute, convergence of events, conversion, convert, cool off, corkscrew, corner, countenance, coup, course, courtesy, crack, crank, create, crinkle, crisis, critical juncture, critical point, crook, crookedness, crop up, crossroads, crucial period, crumple, crunch, cry back, curdle, curl, curtain, curtain call, curtain raiser, curve, cut, cut and run, cycle, day shift, deactivate, deal, dealings, decay, declination, decline, decurve, deed, defection, deflection, defy, degenerate, degeneration, degenerative change, delight, deliver, demeanor, deny, depart, depart from, departure, depend, depend on, depress, derange, deteriorate, deterioration, determine, detorsion, detour, detract, develop, deviance, deviancy, deviation, device, deviousness, diastole, diathesis, difference, diffract, diffuse, dig up, digress, digression, direct, direction, directionize, disaffect, disclose, discompose, discontinue, discontinuity, discover, discursion, disedge, disenchant, disenchantment, disgust, disillusion, dismiss, disorder, disperse, displease, dispose, disposition, disproportion, disservice, distort, distortion, divagate, divagation, divaricate, divarication, diverge, divergence, diversification, diversify, diversion, diversity, divertimento, divertissement, division, dizzy round, do a flip-flop, do an about-face, dogleg, dogwatch, doing, doings, dome, double, double a point, downbeat, draw the teeth, dress, drift, drifting, drive, drive back, dull, eagerness, ebb and flow, eccentricity, eddy, effort, eject, embellishment, embow, emergency, employ, endeavor, energize, enterprise, epilogue, equip, equity capital, errantry, eventuate, everywhere, evict, evolve, exchange, excite, excursion, excursus, exigency, exode, exodus, exorbitation, expedition, expel, exploit, expose, expository scene, express, extinguish, extremity, fabricate, face, facial appearance, faculty, fait accompli, fancy, fascination, fashion, favor, feat, feature, features, feeling for, felicity, fend off, fetch about, figuration, figure, finale, find, finger, fioritura, fire, fit, fit out, fitting, fix on, flair, flection, flee, flex, flexure, flier, flight, flip-flop, flop, flounder, flourish, fluctuate, flutter, forced march, form, format, formation, formulate, frame, fright, full circle, full time, garb, geanticline, genius, genius for, genre, geosyncline, gest, gift for, gimmick, give back, give in, gnarl, go, go about, go around, go back, go bad, go into, go off, go round, go through phases, go to bed, go to sleep, good deed, good offices, good turn, grace, grace note, gradual change, grain, grand tour, graveyard shift, guise, gurge, gybe, gyrate, gyration, gyre, hairpin, hairpin turn, half time, hand, hand in, hand over, handiwork, hang, happen, hark back, harm, haul around, have a tendency, have recourse to, head, heave round, heel, hike, hinge, hinge on, hit upon, hoke act, hold a heading, hold on, hook, hump, hunch, idiosyncrasy, imbalance, impassion, impression, improperly, improve, improvement, imprudently, in rotation, in succession, in turn, inappropriately, incidental, incidental note, inclination, incline, incurvate, incurve, indirection, indiscreetly, individualism, inflect, inflection, inform on, injury, innate aptitude, inner form, inning, innings, interlude, intermezzo, intermission, intermit, interpretation, intort, introduction, inverse, irregularity, jar, jaunt, jibe, job, jolt, journey, junket, keel over, kick out, kidney, kind deed, kind offices, kindly act, kindness, knack, knock over, knot, knuckle down, labor of love, lap, lapse, layout, lead, lean, leaning, level at, liability, liking, lineaments, lines, liquidation, lobster trick, long mordent, look to, looks, loop, lopsidedness, lurch, maelstrom, make, make over, make up, makeup, maneuver, manner, manufacture, march, matrix, meander, measure, meet, meliorate, melioration, mental set, merchandise, mercy, mettle, mien, mind, mind-set, miss stays, mitigate, mitigation, mitzvah, modality, mode, model, modification, modify, modulate, modulation, mold, mordent, moulder, move, mush, mutate, mutation, mutiny, mutual affinity, mutual attraction, nature, nauseate, negotiation, night shift, number, obligation, oblique, obliquity, obtund, occur, offend, offer, office, operation, opportunity, orbit, ornament, oscillate, oust, out of order, out of turn, outing, overt act, overthrow, overtime, overturn, oxbow, package deal, package tour, parade, parry, part time, partiality, pass, pass into, passage, pattern, penchant, pendulate, peregrination, pererration, performance, peripatetic journey, peripateticism, physiognomy, pick up, pilgrimage, pinch, pirouette, pitch in, pivot, pivot about, place, pleasure trip, plunge, ply, point, point at, point to, ponder over, pop up, port, posture, pralltriller, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudice, presence, present, prevent, probability, proceeding, proclivity, produce, production, proffer, profit taking, progress, prologue, promenade, proneness, propensity, prototype, prove, pull, pulsate, pulse, push, put, put about, put back, put off, put out, put together, putrefy, qualification, quirk, radical change, ramble, rambling, rat race, re-creation, readiness, realignment, reappear, rebel, rebuff, recidivation, recidivism, reciprocally, reclamation, reconversion, recur, recurve, redesign, redound to, reel, refashion, refer to, reflect, reflection, reflex, reform, reformation, refract, refuse, regress, regression, rehabilitation, reinstatement, reject, relapse, relate to, relay, relief, remaking, remodel, renewal, reoccur, reorganize, repeat, repel, repress, repulse, res gestae, reshape, reshaping, resort to, restitution, restoration, restructuring, result, retire, retrocession, retroflex, retrogradation, retrogression, retroversion, retund, return, returning, reveal, reversal, reversion, revert, reverting, revival, revive, revivification, revolt, revolution, revulsion, rick, ride, rig out, right-about, ring the changes, roll, roll around, rot, rotation, roulade, round, round a bend, round a corner, round a point, round trade, round trip, rounds, routine, rub, rubberneck tour, run, run away, sack, safari, sag, sally, saunter, say, scallop, scalping, scare, scatter, scene, schlep, scoot, scram, screw, seesaw, seizure, sell, sensitivity to, sequentially, series, serpentine, serve, service, set, set in motion, set toward, set upon, shape, sheer, shift, shifting, shifting course, shifting path, shock, shoot, shot, show a tendency, show up, shtick, shuffle, sicken, sight on, significant form, single mordent, sinuosity, skedaddle, sketch, skew, skit, slant, slew, slink, slipping back, slue, snake, soft spot, song and dance, speculation, spell, spiral, split schedule, split shift, spot sale, sprain, spring, stagger, stalk, stamp, stance, stand-up comedy act, start, start up, steer, step, stimulate, stint, stockjobbery, stockjobbing, strain, strait, straying, streak, stretch, stripe, striptease, stroke, stroll, structure, stunt, style, submit, successively, sudden change, sunrise watch, surface, surge, surprise, surrender, susceptibility, swag, sway, sweep, swerving, swing, swing round, swing shift, swing the stern, swinging, swirl, switch, switch off, switch on, swivel, sympathy, systole, tack, take a turn, take off, take turns, take up, talent, teeter, teeter-totter, tell on, temper, temperament, tend, tend to go, tendency, tender, tenor, terminate, thesis, thing, thing done, thrill, throw about, throw out, thwart, time, time at bat, titillate, tone, torsion, tortuosity, total change, totter, tour, tour de force, tour of duty, train, train upon, traipse, traits, tramp, transaction, transform, transition, transplace, transpose, trek, trend, trick, trip, tropism, trudge, turn a corner, turn a pirouette, turn about, turn against, turn around, turn aside, turn away, turn awry, turn back, turn down, turn for, turn in, turn into, turn of mind, turn of work, turn off, turn on, turn out, turn over, turn round, turn tail, turn the corner, turn to, turn turtle, turn up, turn upon, turn upside down, turnabout, turning, turning point, twine, twist and turn, type, unbalance, uncover, undergo a change, undertaking, undo, undulate, unearth, unhinge, unsettle, unsymmetry, upbeat, upheaval, upset, use, vacillate, variation, variety, vary, vault, veer, veer around, venture, venture capital, verge, vibrate, violent change, visage, volte-face, vortex, voyage, walk, walking tour, wamble, wandering, warp, watch, waver, wax and wane, way, weaken, weakness, wear, wear ship, weave, whack, wheel about, wheel around, whip, whirlpool, whirlwind, whorl, willingness, wind, withdraw, wobble, work, work shift, work toward, work up, works, worm, worsen, worsening, wrench, wrest, wring, writhe, wrong, yaw, yield, zigzag


Turkish bath
Turkish sponge
Turmeric paper
Turmeric root
Turn and turn about
Turn bench
Turn buckle
Turn cap
Turn of life
Turn screw
Turnbull's blue
Turner's yellow
# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

© 2014 Delaflex, Inc.Dictionary Home | Privacy Policy