Subject

Definition of Subject

Sub`ject´
a.1.Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation.
2.(International Law) Placed under the power of another; specifically (International Law), owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great Britain.
Esau was never subject to Jacob.
- Locke.
3.Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a country subject to extreme heat; men subject to temptation.
All human things are subject to decay.
- Dryden.
4.Obedient; submissive.
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities.
- Titus iii. 1.
n.1.That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else.
2.Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of Queen Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United States.
Was never subject longed to be a king,
As I do long and wish to be a subject.
- Shak.
The subject must obey his prince, because God commands it, human laws require it.
- Swift.
3.(Anat.) That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.
4.That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done.
Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble, which . . . shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate.
- Dryden.
The unhappy subject of these quarrels.
- Shak.
5.The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the chief character.
Writers of particular lives . . . are apt to be prejudiced in favor of their subject.
- C. Middleton.
6.(Logic & Gram.) That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the subject of the verb.
The subject of a proposition is that concerning which anything is affirmed or denied.
- I. Watts.
7.That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum.
That which manifests its qualities - in other words, that in which the appearing causes inhere, that to which they belong - is called their subject or substance, or substratum.
- Sir W. Hamilton.
8.Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n., 2.
The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped and appropriated this expression to themselves. Accordingly, in their hands, the phrases conscious or thinking subject, and subject, mean precisely the same thing.
- Sir W. Hamilton.
9.(Mus.) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.
The earliest known form of subject is the ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song.
- Rockstro.
10.(Fine Arts) The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.
v. t.1.To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue.
[imp. & p. p. Subjected ; p. pr. & vb. n. Subjecting.]
Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to the rule of right reason.
- C. Middleton.
In one short view subjected to our eye,
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie.
- Pope.
He is the most subjected, the most nslaved, who is so in his understanding.
- Locke.
2.To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, credulity subjects a person to impositions.
3.To submit; to make accountable.
God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts.
- Locke.
4.To make subservient.
Subjected to his service angel wings.
- Milton.
5.To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white heat; to subject a person to a rigid test.

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