Species

Definition of Species

Spe´cies
n. sing. &1.Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by the imagination; an image.
Wit, . . . the faculty of imagination in the writer, which searches over all the memory for the species or ideas of those things which it designs to represent.
- Dryden.
2.(Logic) A group of individuals agreeing in common attributes, and designated by a common name; a conception subordinated to another conception, called a genus, or generic conception, from which it differs in containing or comprehending more attributes, and extending to fewer individuals. Thus, man is a species, under animal as a genus; and man, in its turn, may be regarded as a genus with respect to European, American, or the like, as species.
3.In science, a more or less permanent group of existing things or beings, associated according to attributes, or properties determined by scientific observation.
4.A sort; a kind; a variety; as, a species of low cunning; a species of generosity; a species of cloth.
5.Coin, or coined silver, gold, or other metal, used as a circulating medium; specie.
There was, in the splendor of the Roman empire, a less quantity of current species in Europe than there is now.
- Arbuthnot.
6.A public spectacle or exhibition.
7.(Pharmacy) A component part of a compound medicine; a simple.
8.(Civil Law) The form or shape given to materials; fashion or shape; form; figure.
Incipient species
(Zool.) a subspecies, or variety, which is in process of becoming permanent, and thus changing to a true species, usually by isolation in localities from which other varieties are excluded.

Related Words

animal kingdom, antonomasia, binomial nomenclature, biosystematics, biosystematy, biotype, blood, branch, brand, breed, brood, cast, character, clan, classification, color, deme, denomination, description, designation, family, feather, folk, form, genotype, genre, gens, genus, glossology, grain, house, ilk, kidney, kin, kingdom, label, line, lineage, lot, make, manner, mark, matriclan, mold, nation, nature, nomenclature, number, onomastics, onomatology, order, orismology, patriclan, people, persuasion, phratry, phyle, phylum, place-names, place-naming, plant kingdom, polyonymy, race, section, sept, series, shape, sort, stamp, stem, stirps, stock, strain, stripe, style, subclass, subfamily, subgenus, subkingdom, suborder, subspecies, subtribe, superclass, superfamily, superorder, superspecies, systematics, taxonomy, terminology, the like of, the likes of, toponymy, totem, tribe, trinomialism
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