Shear

Definition of Shear

Pronunciation: shēr
v. t.1.To cut, clip, or sever anything from with shears or a like instrument; as, to shear sheep; to shear cloth.
[imp. Sheared or Shore ( );p. p. Sheared or Shorn ( ); p. pr. & vb. n. Shearing.]
2.To separate or sever with shears or a similar instrument; to cut off; to clip (something) from a surface; as, to shear a fleece.
Before the golden tresses . . . were shorn away.
- Shak.
3.To reap, as grain.
4.Fig.: To deprive of property; to fleece.
5.(Mech.) To produce a change of shape in by a shear. See Shear, n., 4.
n.1.A pair of shears; - now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See Shears.
On his head came razor none, nor shear.
- Chaucer.
Short of the wool, and naked from the shear.
- Dryden.
2.A shearing; - used in designating the age of sheep.
After the second shearing, he is a two-shear ram; . . . at the expiration of another year, he is a three-shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
- Youatt.
3.(Engin.) An action, resulting from applied forces, which tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact; - also called shearing stress, and tangential stress.
4.(Mech.) A strain, or change of shape, of an elastic body, consisting of an extension in one direction, an equal compression in a perpendicular direction, with an unchanged magnitude in the third direction.
Shear blade
one of the blades of shears or a shearing machine.
Shear hulk
See under Hulk.
Shear steel
a steel suitable for shears, scythes, and other cutting instruments, prepared from fagots of blistered steel by repeated heating, rolling, and tilting, to increase its malleability and fineness of texture.
v. i.1.To deviate. See Sheer.
2.(Engin.) To become more or less completely divided, as a body under the action of forces, by the sliding of two contiguous parts relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact.

Related Words

abbreviate, abridge, abscind, abstract, amputate, annihilate, ban, bar, barb, barber, bare, bleed, bleed white, bob, boil down, capsulize, clip, compress, condense, contract, crop, cull, curtail, cut, cut away, cut back, cut down, cut off, cut off short, cut out, cut short, denudate, denude, deplume, despoil, displume, divest, dock, drain, dry, elide, eliminate, enucleate, epitomize, eradicate, except, excise, exclude, exhaust, expose, extinguish, extirpate, flay, fleece, foreshorten, impoverish, isolate, knock off, lay bare, lay open, lop, manicure, milk, mow, mutilate, nip, pare, peel, pick clean, pick out, pluck, poll, pollard, prune, reap, recap, recapitulate, reduce, remove, retrench, root out, rule out, set apart, set aside, shave, shorten, skin, skive, snip, snub, stamp out, strike off, strip, strip bare, strip off, stunt, suck dry, sum up, summarize, synopsize, take in, take off, take out, telescope, trim, truncate, uncloak, uncover, unsheathe, unveil, wipe out
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