Shaft

Definition of Shaft

n.1.The slender, smooth stem of an arrow; hence, an arrow.
His sleep, his meat, his drink, is him bereft,
That lean he wax, and dry as is a shaft.
- Chaucer.
A shaft hath three principal parts, the stele [stale], the feathers, and the head.
- Ascham.
2.The long handle of a spear or similar weapon; hence, the weapon itself; (Fig.) anything regarded as a shaft to be thrown or darted; as, shafts of light.
And the thunder,
Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage,
Perhaps hath spent his shafts.
- Milton.
Some kinds of literary pursuits . . . have been attacked with all the shafts of ridicule.
- V. Knox.
3.(Bot.) That which resembles in some degree the stem or handle of an arrow or a spear; a long, slender part, especially when cylindrical.
Thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold . . . his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
- Ex. xxv. 31.
4.(Arch.) The handle or helve of certain tools, instruments, etc., as a hammer, a whip, etc.
Bid time and nature gently spare
The shaft we raise to thee.
- Emerson.
4.(Zool.) A humming bird (Thaumastura cora) having two of the tail feathers next to the middle ones very long in the male; - called also cora humming bird.
5.(Weaving) A rod at the end of a heddle.
5.(Mining) A well-like excavation in the earth, perpendicular or nearly so, made for reaching and raising ore, for raising water, etc.
6.A long passage for the admission or outlet of air; an air shaft.
7.The chamber of a blast furnace.
Line shaft
(Mach.) a main shaft of considerable length, in a shop or factory, usually bearing a number of pulleys by which machines are driven, commonly by means of countershafts; - called also line, or main line.
Shaft alley
(Naut.) a passage extending from the engine room to the stern, and containing the propeller shaft.
Shaft furnace
(Metal.) a furnace, in the form of a chimney, which is charged at the top and tapped at the bottom.

Related Words

abysm, abyss, adit, air duct, air hole, air passage, air shaft, air tube, airway, antenna tower, arch, arrow, arrowhead, baluster, balustrade, banister, bank, barb, barbican, barbule, barrel, barrow, base, beam, belfry, bell tower, blowhole, bobtailed arrow, bolt, boundary stone, brass, breathing hole, bust, cairn, campanile, caryatid, cavity, cenotaph, chasm, chested arrow, cilium, cloth yard shaft, coal mine, colliery, colonnade, colossus, column, crater, crevasse, cromlech, cross, cup, cupola, cut, cyclolith, dado, dart, deep, depth, derrick, die, dig, diggings, dolmen, dome, duct, excavation, filament, filamentule, fire tower, flight, flue, footstalk, footstone, gibe, gleam, gold mine, grave, gravestone, gulf, handle, headstone, helve, hoarstone, hole, hollow, inscription, jab, jack, jibe, knock, lantern, lighthouse, louver, louverwork, marker, martello, martello tower, mast, mausoleum, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, minaret, mine, monolith, monument, mound, naris, necrology, newel-post, nostril, obelisk, obituary, observation tower, open cut, opencast, pagoda, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, pencil, pier, pilaster, pile, piling, pillar, pinnacle, pit, plaque, plinth, pole, post, potshot, prize, put-down, pylon, pyramid, quarrel, quarry, queen-post, quill, ray, reed, reliquary, remembrance, ribbon, rod, rostral column, screw, screwing, shank, shoot, shrine, skyscraper, socle, spilehole, spiracle, spire, staff, stalk, stanchion, stand, standard, standpipe, steeple, stela, stem, stick, sting, stone, streak, stupa, subbase, surbase, tablet, television mast, testimonial, thrust, tomb, tombstone, tope, touchhole, tour, tower, transom, trophy, trunk, tunnel, turret, upright, vent, ventage, venthole, ventiduct, ventilating shaft, ventilator, volley, water tower, well, wind tunnel, windmill tower, workings, yawning abyss
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Shade
Shadeful
Shadeless
Shader
Shadily
Shadiness
Shading
Shadoof
Shadow
Shadow of death
Shadowiness
Shadowing
Shadowish
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Shadowy
Shadrach
Shady
Shaffle
Shaffler
Shafiite
-Shaft-
Shaft alley
Shaft furnace
Shafted
Shafting
Shaftman
Shag
Shag-haired
Shag-rag
Shagbark
Shagebush
Shagged
Shagginess
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Shah
Shah Nameh
Shahin
Shaik
Shail
Shaitan
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