Definition of Run

v. i.1.To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly, smoothly, or with quick action; - said of things animate or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
[imp. Ran or Run; p. p. Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.]
2.To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
"Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran.
- Chaucer.
3.To flee, as from fear or danger.
As from a bear a man would run for life.
- Shak.
3.To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course; as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring; her blood ran cold.
The fire ran along upon the ground.
- Ex. ix. 23.
4.To steal off; to depart secretly.
4.To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
- Addison.
Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
- Woodward.
4.Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are gathered in the air under the body.
5.To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest; to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.
- 1 Cor. ix. 24.
5.To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot; as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
- Pope.
5.(Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches the ground; - so distinguished from walking in athletic competition.
As things run
according to the usual order, conditions, quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or specification.
To let run
(Naut.) to allow to pass or move freely; to slacken or loosen.
To run after
to pursue or follow; to search for; to endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
To run away
to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without control or guidance.
- Locke.
To run away with
a - To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or elopement.
b - To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs away with a carriage.
To run down
a - To cease to work or operate on account of the exhaustion of the motive power; - said of clocks, watches, etc.
b - To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.
To run down a coast
to sail along it.
To run for an office
to stand as a candidate for an office.
To run in
a - To enter; to step in
b - To come in collision with.
To run into
To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother at the grocery store.
To run in trust
to run in debt; to get credit.
To run in with
a - To close; to comply; to agree with.
b - (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as, to run in with the land.
- T. Baker.
To run mad
See under Mad.
To run on
a - To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a year or two without a settlement.
b - To talk incessantly
c - To continue a course
d - To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with sarcasm; to bear hard on
e - (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without making a break or beginning a new paragraph
To run out
a - To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out at Michaelmas.
b - To extend; to spread
c - To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful digressions.
- Hammond.
d - To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will soon run out.
And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out.
- Dryden.
But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
- Sir W. Scott.
6.To pass from one state or condition to another; to come into a certain condition; - often with in or into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
- Addison.
6.To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as, the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster.
- Addison.
7.To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run through life; to run in a circle.
Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject.
- Addison.
7.To continue in operation; to be kept in action or motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill runs six days in the week.
When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
- Swift.
8.To discuss; to continue to think or speak about something; - with on.
8.To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east and west.
Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it.
- Locke.
Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason.
- Shak.
9.To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
The king's ordinary style runneth, "Our sovereign lord the king."
- Bp. Sanderson.
10.To be popularly known; to be generally received.
Men gave them their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome.
- Sir W. Temple.
Neither was he ignorant what report ran of himself.
- Knolles.
11.To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run up rapidly.
If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves.
- Mortimer.
12.To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
- Bacon.
13.To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run in washing.
In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . . distinguished, but near the borders they run into one another.
- I. Watts.
14.To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid.
- Sir J. Child.
15.(Naut.) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a note has thirty days to run.
v. t.1.To cause to run (in the various senses of Run, v. i.); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block.
2.To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
To run the world back to its first original.
- South.
I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its "punctum saliens."
- Collier.
3.To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
You run your head into the lion's mouth.
- Sir W. Scott.
Having run his fingers through his hair.
- Dickens.
4.To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
They ran the ship aground.
- Acts xxvii. 41.
A talkative person runs himself upon great inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's secrets.
- Ray.
5.To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets, and the like.
The purest gold must be run and washed.
- Felton.
6.To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to determine; as, to run a line.
7.To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to smuggle; - said of contraband or dutiable goods.
Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of running goods.
- Swift.
8.To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race; to run a certain career.
9.To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support for office; as, to run some one for Congress.
10.To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances, below.
If we don't succeed, we run the risk of failure.
- Dan Quail
11.To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
He would himself be in the Highlands to receive them, and run his fortune with them.
- Clarendon.
12.To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.
At the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell.
- Shak.
13.To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing; as, the rivers ran blood.
14.To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory or a hotel.
15.To tease with sarcasms and ridicule.
16.To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material in a continuous line, generally taking a series of stitches on the needle at the same time.
17.To migrate or move in schools; - said of fish; esp., to ascend a river in order to spawn.
18.(Golf) To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
To run a blockade
to get to, or away from, a blockaded port in safety.
To run down
a - (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag
b - (Naut.) To run against and sink, as a vessel
c - To crush; to overthrow; to overbear
d - To disparage; to traduce.
- Berkeley.
To run hard
a - To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a race.
- F. W. Newman.
b - To urge or press importunately
c - To banter severely.
To run into the ground
to carry to an absurd extreme; to overdo.
To run off
to cause to flow away, as a charge of molten metal from a furnace.
To run on
(Print.) to carry on or continue, as the type for a new sentence, without making a break or commencing a new paragraph.
To run out
a - To thrust or push out; to extend.
b - To waste; to exhaust; as, to run out an estate.
to run out.
to run out
c - (Baseball) To put out while running between two bases. Also called
To run the chances
to encounter all the risks of a certain course.
To run through
to transfix; to pierce, as with a sword.
To run up
a - To thrust up, as anything long and slender.
- Addison.
b - To increase; to enlarge by additions, as an account
c - To erect hastily, as a building
n.1.The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick run; to go on the run.
2.A small stream; a brook; a creek.
3.That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.
4.A course; a series; that which continues in a certain course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.
They who made their arrangements in the first run of misadventure . . . put a seal on their calamities.
- Burke.
5.State of being current; currency; popularity.
It is impossible for detached papers to have a general run, or long continuance, if not diversified with humor.
- Addison.
6.Continued repetition on the stage; - said of a play; as, to have a run of a hundred successive nights.
A canting, mawkish play . . . had an immense run.
- Macaulay.
7.A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a bank or treasury for payment of its notes.
8.A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep run.
9.(Naut.) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows toward the stern, under the quarter.
10.A pleasure excursion; a trip.
I think of giving her a run in London.
- Dickens.
11.(Mining) The horizontal distance to which a drift may be carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which a vein of ore or other substance takes.
12.(Mus.) A roulade, or series of running tones.
13.(Mil.) The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick, but with greater speed.
14.The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; - said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of spawning.
15.(Sport) In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made by a player, which enables him to score one point; also, the point thus scored; in cricket, a passing from one wicket to the other, by which one point is scored; as, a player made three runs; the side went out with two hundred runs; the Yankees scored three runs in the seventh inning.
The "runs" are made from wicket to wicket, the batsmen interchanging ends at each run.
- R. A. Proctor.
16.A pair or set of millstones.
17.(Piquet, Cribbage, etc.) A number of cards of the same suit in sequence; as, a run of four in hearts.
18.(Golf) The movement communicated to a golf ball by running.
At the long run
in or during the whole process or course of things taken together; in the final result; in the end; finally.
[Man] starts the inferior of the brute animals, but he surpasses them in the long run.
- J. H. Newman.
I saw nothing else that is superior to the common run of parks.
- Walpole.
Burns never dreamed of looking down on others as beneath him, merely because he was conscious of his own vast superiority to the common run of men.
- Prof. Wilson.
His whole appearance was something out of the common run.
- W. Irving.
a.1.Melted, or made from molten material; cast in a mold; as, run butter; run iron or lead.
2.Smuggled; as, run goods.
Run steel
malleable iron castings. See under Malleable.
- Raymond.

Related Words

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Rummage sale
Rump Parliament
Run of stairs
Run steel
Rune stone
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