Medium

Definition of Medium

Me´di`um
n.1.That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity.
The just medium . . . lies between pride and abjection.
- L'Estrange.
2.(Math.) See Mean.
2.A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound.
Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried.
- Bacon.
I must bring together
All these extremes; and must remove all mediums.
- Denham.
3.An average.
A medium of six years of war, and six years of peace.
- Burke.
4.A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See Paper.
5.(Paint.) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application.
6.(Microbiology) A source of nutrients in which a microorganism is placed to permit its growth, cause it to produce substances, or observe its activity under defined conditions; also called culture medium or growth medium. The medium is usually a solution of nutrients in water, or a similar solution solidified with gelatin or agar.
7.A means of transmission of news, advertising, or other messages from an information source to the public, also called a news medium, such as a newspaper or radio; used mostly in the plural form, i. e. news media or media. See 1st media{2}.
Circulating medium
a current medium of exchange, whether coin, bank notes, or government notes.
Ethereal medium
(Physics) the ether.
Medium of exchange
that which is used for effecting an exchange of commodities - money or current representatives of money.
a.1.Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate; medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.

Related Words

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mediocre
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