Hydrogen

Definition of Hydrogen

Hy´dro`gen
n.1.(Chem.) A gaseous element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, the lightest known substance, being fourteen and a half times lighter than air (hence its use in filling balloons), and over eleven thousand times lighter than water. It is very abundant, being an ingredient of water and of many other substances, especially those of animal or vegetable origin. It may by produced in many ways, but is chiefly obtained by the action of acids (as sulphuric) on metals, as zinc, iron, etc. It is very inflammable, and is an ingredient of coal gas and water gas. It is standard of chemical equivalents or combining weights, and also of valence, being the typical monad. Symbol H. Atomic weight 1.
Bicarbureted hydrogen
an old name for ethylene.
Carbureted hydrogen gas
See under Carbureted.
Hydrogen dioxide
a thick, colorless liquid, H2O2, resembling water, but having a bitter, sour taste, produced by the action of acids on barium peroxide. It decomposes into water and oxygen, and is manufactured in large quantities for an oxidizing and bleaching agent. Called also oxygenated water.<- usually "hydrogen peroxide", or "peroxide" in weak solutions used as an antiseptic->
Hydrogen oxide
a chemical name for water, H O.
Hydrogen sulphide
a colorless inflammable gas, H2S, having the characteristic odor of bad eggs, and found in many mineral springs. It is produced by the action of acids on metallic sulphides, and is an important chemical reagent. Called also sulphureted hydrogen.

Related Words

atomic number 1, chemical element, element, gas, H, H2O, hydrogenate, tritium, water
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Hydrochloric
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloride
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Hydrocyanic acid
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Hydroferricyanic
Hydroferrocyanic
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Hydrofluoric acid
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-Hydrogen-
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bromide
Hydrogen dioxide
hydrogen iodide
Hydrogen oxide
Hydrogen silicide
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