Gold

Definition of Gold

Pronunciation: gōld
n.1.(Bot.) An old English name of some yellow flower, - the marigold (Calendula), according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps the turnsole.
1.
1.(Chem.) A metallic element of atomic number 79, constituting the most precious metal used as a common commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known (specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point 1064.4° C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry. Symbol Au (Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
2.Money; riches; wealth.
For me, the gold of France did not seduce.
- Shak.
3.A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, a flower tipped with gold.
4.Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, hearts of gold.
Age of gold
See Golden age, under Golden.
Dutch gold
etc. See under Dutch, Dust, etc.
Gold amalgam
a mineral, found in Columbia and California, composed of gold and mercury.
Gold beater
one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold leaf.
Gold beater's skin
the prepared outside membrane of the large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves of metal during the process of gold-beating.
Gold beetle
(Zool.) any small gold-colored beetle of the family Chrysomelidæ; - called also golden beetle.
Gold blocking
printing with gold leaf, as upon a book cover, by means of an engraved block.
Gold cloth
See Cloth of gold, under Cloth.
- Knight.
Gold Coast
a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa.
Gold cradle
(Mining) See Cradle, n., 7.
Gold diggings
the places, or region, where gold is found by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated by washing.
Gold end
a fragment of broken gold or jewelry.
Gold-end man
a - A buyer of old gold or jewelry.
b - A goldsmith's apprentice.
c - An itinerant jeweler.
Gold fever
a popular mania for gold hunting.
- B. Jonson.
Gold field
a region in which are deposits of gold.
Gold finder
a - One who finds gold.
b - One who empties privies.
Gold flower
a composite plant with dry and persistent yellow radiating involucral scales, the Helichrysum Stœchas of Southern Europe. There are many South African species of the same genus.
- Swift.
Gold foil
thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and others. See Gold leaf.
Gold knobs
(Bot.) buttercups.
Gold lace
a kind of lace, made of gold thread.
Gold latten
a thin plate of gold or gilded metal.
Gold leaf
gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil.
Gold lode
(Mining) a gold vein.
Gold mine
a place where gold is obtained by mining operations, as distinguished from diggings, where it is extracted by washing. Cf. Gold diggings (above).
Gold nugget
a lump of gold as found in gold mining or digging; - called also a pepito.
Gold paint
See Gold shell.
Gold pheasant
(Zool.) See under Pheasant.
Gold plate
a general name for vessels, dishes, cups, spoons, etc., made of gold.
Gold of pleasure
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Camelina, bearing yellow flowers. C. sativa is sometimes cultivated for the oil of its seeds.
Gold shell
a - A composition of powdered gold or gold leaf, ground up with gum water and spread on shells, for artists' use; - called also gold paint.
b - (Zool.) A bivalve shell (Anomia glabra) of the Atlantic coast; - called also jingle shell and silver shell. See Anomia.
Gold size
a composition used in applying gold leaf.
Gold solder
a kind of solder, often containing twelve parts of gold, two of silver, and four of copper.
Gold stick
the colonel of a regiment of English lifeguards, who attends his sovereign on state occasions; - so called from the gilt rod presented to him by the sovereign when he receives his commission as colonel of the regiment.
Gold thread
a - A thread formed by twisting flatted gold over a thread of silk, with a wheel and iron bobbins; spun gold.
b - (Bot.) A small evergreen plant (Coptis trifolia), so called from its fibrous yellow roots. It is common in marshy places in the United States.
- Ure.
Gold tissue
a tissue fabric interwoven with gold thread.
Gold tooling
the fixing of gold leaf by a hot tool upon book covers, or the ornamental impression so made.
Gold washings
places where gold found in gravel is separated from lighter material by washing.
Gold worm
a glowworm.
Jeweler's gold
an alloy containing three parts of gold to one of copper.
Mosaic gold
See under Mosaic.

Related Words

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-Gold-
Gold amalgam
Gold beater
Gold beater's skin
Gold beetle
Gold blocking
Gold cloth
Gold Coast
Gold cradle
Gold diggings
Gold dust
Gold end
Gold fever
Gold field
Gold finder
Gold flower
Gold foil
Gold knobs
Gold lace
Gold latten
Gold leaf
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