Duty

Definition of Duty

Du´ty
n.1.That which is due; payment.
When thou receivest money for thy labor or ware, thou receivest thy duty.
- Tyndale.
2.That which a person is bound by moral obligation to do, or refrain from doing; that which one ought to do; service morally obligatory.
Forgetting his duty toward God, his sovereign lord, and his country.
- Hallam.
3.Hence, any assigned service or business; as, the duties of a policeman, or a soldier; to be on duty.
With records sweet of duties done.
- Keble.
To employ him on the hardest and most imperative duty.
- Hallam.
Duty is a graver term than obligation. A duty hardly exists to do trivial things; but there may be an obligation to do them.
- C. J. Smith.
4.Specifically, obedience or submission due to parents and superiors.
5.Respect; reverence; regard; act of respect; homage.
6.(Engin.) The efficiency of an engine, especially a steam pumping engine, as measured by work done by a certain quantity of fuel; usually, the number of pounds of water lifted one foot by one bushel of coal (94 lbs. old standard), or by 1 cwt. (112 lbs., England, or 100 lbs., United States).
7.(Com.) Tax, toll, impost, or customs; excise; any sum of money required by government to be paid on the importation, exportation, or consumption of goods.
Ad valorem duty
a duty which is graded according to the cost, or market value, of the article taxed. See Ad valorem.
Specific duty
a duty of a specific sum assessed on an article without reference to its value or market.
On duty
actually engaged in the performance of one's assigned task.

Related Words

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