Complement

Definition of Complement

Com´ple`ment
n.1.That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete.
2.That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.
History is the complement of poetry.
- Sir J. Stephen.
3.Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.
To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons.
- Hakluyt.
4.(Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity.
5.Something added for ornamentation; an accessory.
6.(Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel.
7.(Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; - the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.
8.A compliment.
Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm
See under Logarithm.
Arithmetical complement of a number
(Math.) the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.
Complement of an arc
(Geom.) the difference between that arc or angle and 90°.
Complement of a parallelogram
(Math.) See Gnomon.
In her complement
(Her.) said of the moon when represented as full.
v. t.1.To supply a lack; to supplement.
2.To compliment.

Related Words

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-Complement-
Complement of a parallelogram
Complement of an arc
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Completory
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