Commutation

Definition of Commutation

Com`mu`ta´tion
n.1.A passing from one state to another; change; alteration; mutation.
So great is the commutation that the soul then hated only that which now only it loves.
- South.
2.The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange.
The use of money is . . . that of saving the commutation of more bulky commodities.
- Arbuthnot.
3.(Law) The change of a penalty or punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment.
Suits are allowable in the spiritual courts for money agreed to be given as a commutation for penance.
- Blackstone.
4.A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations.
5.regular travel from a place of residence to a place where one's daily work is performed; commuting. Most often, such travel is performed between a suburb and a nearby city.
Angle of commutation
(Astron.) the difference of the geocentric longitudes of the sun and a planet.
Commutation of tithes
the substitution of a regular payment, chargeable to the land, for the annual tithes in kind.
Commutation ticket
a ticket, as for transportation, which is the evidence of a contract for service at a reduced rate. See 2d Commute, 2.

Related Words

agency, alternation, amends, atonement, balancing, battledore and shuttlecock, change, compensation, cooperation, counteraction, counterbalancing, counterchange, course, cross fire, crossing, delegation, deputation, deputyship, displacement, exchange, expiation, give-and-take, globe-trotting, going, indemnification, indemnity, interchange, intermutation, interplay, journeying, lex talionis, locomotion, measure for measure, motion, movement, moving, mutual admiration, mutual support, mutual transfer, mutuality, offsetting, passage, permutation, power of attorney, progress, quid pro quo, reciprocality, reciprocation, reciprocity, recompense, rectification, redress, reparation, repayment, replacement, representation, restitution, retaliation, revenge, satisfaction, something for something, subrogation, substitution, supersedence, superseding, supersedure, supersession, supplantation, supplanting, supplantment, switch, tit for tat, tourism, touristry, traject, trajet, transit, transposal, transposition, travel, traveling, vicariousness
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