Commune

Definition of Commune

Com`mune´   Pronunciation: kǒm`mūn´
v. i.1.To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
[imp. & p. p. Communed (kǒm*mūnd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Communing.]
I would commune with you of such things
That want no ear but yours.
- Shak.
2.To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper.
To commune under both kinds.
- Bp. Burnet.
To commune with one's self
to think; to reflect; to meditate.
n.1.Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends.
For days of happy commune dead.
- Tennyson.
1.The commonalty; the common people.
In this struggle - to use the technical words of the time - of the "commune", the general mass of the inhabitants, against the "prudhommes" or "wiser" few.
- J. R. Green.
2.A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement.
3.Absolute municipal self-government.
4.a group of people living together as an organized community and owning in common most or all of their property and possessions, and sharing work, income, and many other aspects of daily life. Such sommunities are oftten organized based on religious or idealistic principles, and they sometimes have unconventional lifestyles, practises, or moral codes.
The Commune of Paris
a - The government established in Paris (1792-94) by a usurpation of supreme power on the part of representatives chosen by the communes; the period of its continuance is known as the "Reign of Terror."
b - The revolutionary government, modeled on the commune of 1792, which the communists, so called, attempted to establish in 1871.

Related Words

Kreis, archbishopric, archdiocese, arrondissement, ashram, bailiwick, bishopric, body, borough, canton, caste, city, clan, class, colony, commonage, commoners, commonwealth, community, congressional district, constablewick, county, departement, diocese, district, duchy, economic class, electoral district, electorate, endogamous group, extended family, family, gens, government, hamlet, hundred, kinship group, magistracy, metropolis, metropolitan area, moiety, nuclear family, oblast, okrug, order, parish, people, phratria, phratry, phyle, plebeians, plebes, populace, precinct, principality, province, rank and file, region, riding, settlement, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire, shrievalty, social class, society, soke, stake, state, subcaste, territory, third estate, totem, town, township, village, wapentake, ward
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