Common

Definition of Common

Com´mon
a.1.Belonging or relating equally, or similarly, to more than one; as, you and I have a common interest in the property.
Though life and sense be common to men and brutes.
- Sir M. Hale.
2.Belonging to or shared by, affecting or serving, all the members of a class, considered together; general; public; as, properties common to all plants; the common schools; the Book of Common Prayer.
Such actions as the common good requireth.
- Hooker.
The common enemy of man.
- Shak.
3.Often met with; usual; frequent; customary.
Grief more than common grief.
- Shak.
4.Not distinguished or exceptional; inconspicuous; ordinary; plebeian; - often in a depreciatory sense.
The honest, heart-felt enjoyment of common life.
- W. Irving.
This fact was infamous
And ill beseeming any common man,
Much more a knight, a captain and a leader.
- Shak.
Above the vulgar flight of common souls.
- A. Murphy.
5.Profane; polluted.
What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
- Acts x. 15.
6.Given to habits of lewdness; prostitute.
A dame who herself was common.
- L'Estrange.
Common bar
(Law) Same as Blank bar, under Blank.
Common barrator
(Law) one who makes a business of instigating litigation.
Common Bench
a name sometimes given to the English Court of Common Pleas.
Common brawler
(Law) one addicted to public brawling and quarreling. See Brawler.
Common carrier
(Law) one who undertakes the office of carrying (goods or persons) for hire. Such a carrier is bound to carry in all cases when he has accommodation, and when his fixed price is tendered, and he is liable for all losses and injuries to the goods, except those which happen in consequence of the act of God, or of the enemies of the country, or of the owner of the property himself.
Common chord
(Mus.) a chord consisting of the fundamental tone, with its third and fifth.
Common council
the representative (legislative) body, or the lower branch of the representative body, of a city or other municipal corporation.
Common crier
the crier of a town or city.
Common divisor
(Math.) a number or quantity that divides two or more numbers or quantities without a remainder; a common measure.
Common gender
(Gram.) the gender comprising words that may be of either the masculine or the feminine gender.
Common law
a system of jurisprudence developing under the guidance of the courts so as to apply a consistent and reasonable rule to each litigated case. It may be superseded by statute, but unless superseded it controls.
Common lawyer
one versed in common law.
- Wharton.
Common lewdness
(Law) the habitual performance of lewd acts in public.
Common multiple
(Arith.) See under Multiple.
Common noun
(Gram.) the name of any one of a class of objects, as distinguished from a proper noun (the name of a particular person or thing).
Common nuisance
(Law) that which is deleterious to the health or comfort or sense of decency of the community at large.
Common pleas
one of the three superior courts of common law at Westminster, presided over by a chief justice and four puisne judges. Its jurisdiction is confined to civil matters. Courts bearing this title exist in several of the United States, having, however, in some cases, both civil and criminal jurisdiction extending over the whole State. In other States the jurisdiction of the common pleas is limited to a county, and it is sometimes called a county court. Its powers are generally defined by statute.
Common prayer
the liturgy of the Church of England, or of the Protestant Episcopal church of the United States, which all its clergy are enjoined to use. It is contained in the Book of Common Prayer.
Common school
a school maintained at the public expense, and open to all.
Common scold
(Law) a woman addicted to scolding indiscriminately, in public.
Common seal
a seal adopted and used by a corporation.
Common sense
a - A supposed sense which was held to be the common bond of all the others.
b - Sound judgment. See under Sense.
- Trench.
Common time
(Mus.) that variety of time in which the measure consists of two or of four equal portions.
In common
equally with another, or with others; owned, shared, or used, in community with others; affecting or affected equally.
Out of the common
uncommon; extraordinary.
Tenant in common
one holding real or personal property in common with others, having distinct but undivided interests. See Joint tenant, under Joint.
To make common cause with
to join or ally one's self with.
n.1.The people; the community.
2.An inclosed or uninclosed tract of ground for pleasure, for pasturage, etc., the use of which belongs to the public; or to a number of persons.
3.(Law) The right of taking a profit in the land of another, in common either with the owner or with other persons; - so called from the community of interest which arises between the claimant of the right and the owner of the soil, or between the claimants and other commoners entitled to the same right.
Common appendant
a right belonging to the owners or occupiers of arable land to put commonable beasts upon the waste land in the manor where they dwell.
Common appurtenant
a similar right applying to lands in other manors, or extending to other beasts, besides those which are generally commonable, as hogs.
Common because of vicinage
the right of the inhabitants of each of two townships, lying contiguous to each other, which have usually intercommoned with one another, to let their beasts stray into the other's fields.
Common in gross
a common annexed to a man's person, being granted to him and his heirs by deed; or it may be claimed by prescriptive right, as by a parson of a church or other corporation sole.
Common of estovers
the right of taking wood from another's estate.
- Blackstone.
Common of pasture
the right of feeding beasts on the land of another.
Common of piscary
the right of fishing in waters belonging to another.
- Burill.
Common of turbary
the right of digging turf upon the ground of another.
v. i.1.To converse together; to discourse; to confer.
Embassadors were sent upon both parts, and divers means of entreaty were commoned of.
- Grafton.
2.To participate.
3.To have a joint right with others in common ground.
4.To board together; to eat at a table in common.

Related Words

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Committable
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committed
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Committee of the whole
Committee of the whole [house]
Committeeman
Committer
Committible
Commix
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Commixtion
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Commodate
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-Common-
Common appendant
Common appurtenant
Common at large
Common bar
Common barrator
Common because of vicinage
Common Bench
Common brawler
Common carrier
Common chord
Common council
Common crier
common denominator
Common divisor
Common fraction
Common gender
Common in gross
Common informer
Common law
Common lawyer
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