Carbon

Definition of Carbon

Car´bon   Pronunciation: kär´bǒn
n.1.(Chem.) An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
2.(Elec.) A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.
3.a sheet of carbon paper.
4.a carbon copy.
Carbon compounds
(Chem.) those compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds, though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in the laboratory.
The formation of the compounds of carbon is not dependent upon the life process.
- I. Remsen

Related Words

alcohol, apograph, ash, ashes, benzine, brand, briquette, burnable, butane, calx, carbon copy, charcoal, cinder, clinker, coal, coke, combustible, coom, copy, ditto, dope, dross, duplicate, ethane, ethanol, facsimile, fiche, fireball, firing, flammable, flammable material, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fume, gas, gas carbon, gasoline, heptane, hexane, inflammable, inflammable material, isooctane, jet fuel, kerosene, lava, manifold, methane, methanol, microcopy, microfiche, microform, natural gas, octane, oil, paraffin, peat, pentane, propane, propellant, recording, reduplication, reek, replica, replication, rocket fuel, rubbing, scoria, slag, smoke, smudge, smut, soot, sullage, tenor, tracing, transcript, transcription, transfer, turf
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Carbamic
Carbamic acid
Carbamide
Carbamine
Carbanil
Carbazol
Carbazotate
Carbazotic
Carbazotic acid
Carbide
Carbimide
Carbine
Carbineer
Carbinol
Carbohydrate
Carbohydride
Carbolic
Carbolic acid
Carbolize
carbomycin
-Carbon-
Carbon compounds
Carbon dioxide
carbon monoxide
Carbon process
Carbon steel
Carbon transmitter
carbon-14
Carbonaceous
Carbonade
Carbonado
Carbonarism
Carbonaro
Carbonatation
Carbonate
Carbonated
Carbone
Carbonic
Carbonic acid
Carbonic oxide
Carbonide
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