Black

Definition of Black

Pronunciation: blăk
a.1.Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
O night, with hue so black!
- Shak.
2.In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the heavens black with clouds.
I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud.
- Shak.
3.Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness; destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked; cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible.
4.Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen; foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
Black act
the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been called black acts.
Black angel
(Zool.) a fish of the West Indies and Florida (Holacanthus tricolor), with the head and tail yellow, and the middle of the body black.
Black antimony
(Chem.) the black sulphide of antimony, Sb2S3, used in pyrotechnics, etc.
Black bear
(Zool.) the common American bear (Ursus Americanus).
Black beast
See Bête noire.
Black beetle
(Zool.) the common large cockroach (Blatta orientalis).
Black bonnet
(Zool.) the black-headed bunting (Embriza Schœniclus) of Europe.
Black canker
a disease in turnips and other crops, produced by a species of caterpillar.
Black cat
(Zool.) the fisher, a quadruped of North America allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher.
Black cattle
any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in distinction from dairy cattle.
Black cherry
See under Cherry.
Black cockatoo
(Zool.) the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo.
Black copper
Same as Melaconite.
Black currant
(Bot.) See Currant.
Black diamond
(Min.) See Carbonado.
Black draught
(Med.) a cathartic medicine, composed of senna and magnesia.
Black drop
(Med.) vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.
Black earth
mold; earth of a dark color.
Black flag
the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance.
- Woodward.
Black flea
(Zool.) a flea beetle (Haltica nemorum) injurious to turnips.
Black flux
a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal, obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of niter.
Black Forest
a forest in Baden and Würtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient Hercynian forest.
- Brande & C.
Black game
(Zool.) See Blackcock, Grouse, and Heath grouse.
Black grass
(Bot.) a grasslike rush of the species Juncus Gerardi, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay.
Black gum
(Bot.) an American tree, the tupelo or pepperidge. See Tupelo.
Black Hamburg (grape
(Bot.) a sweet and juicy variety of dark purple or "black" grape.
Black horse
(Zool.) a fish of the Mississippi valley (Cycleptus elongatus), of the sucker family; the Missouri sucker.
Black lemur
(Zool.) the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the acoumbo of the natives.
Black list
a list of persons who are for some reason thought deserving of censure or punishment; - esp. a list of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See Blacklist, v. t.
Black manganese
(Chem.) the black oxide of manganese, MnO2.
Black Maria
the close wagon in which prisoners are carried to or from jail.
Black martin
(Zool.) the chimney swift. See Swift.
Black moss
(Bot.) the common so-called long moss of the southern United States. See Tillandsia.
Black oak
See under Oak.
Black ocher
See Wad.
Black pigment
a very fine, light carbonaceous substance, or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar.
Black plate
sheet iron before it is tinned.
Black quarter
malignant anthrax with engorgement of a shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox.
- Knight.
Black rat
(Zool.) one of the species of rats (Mus rattus), commonly infesting houses.
Black rent
See Blackmail, n., 3.
Black rust
a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain.
Black sheep
one in a family or company who is unlike the rest, and makes trouble.
Black silver
(Min.) See under Silver.
Black and tan
black mixed or spotted with tan color or reddish brown; - used in describing certain breeds of dogs.
Black tea
See under Tea.
Black tin
(Mining) tin ore (cassiterite), when dressed, stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form of a black powder, like fine sand.
Black walnut
See under Walnut.
- Knight.
Black warrior
(Zool.) an American hawk (Buteo Harlani).
adv.1.Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.
n.1.That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a cloth has a good black.
Black is the badge of hell,
The hue of dungeons, and the suit of night.
- Shak.
2.A black pigment or dye.
3.A negro; a person whose skin is of a black color, or shaded with black; esp. a member or descendant of certain African races.
4.A black garment or dress; as, she wears black
Friends weeping, and blacks, and obsequies, and the like show death terrible.
- Bacon.
That was the full time they used to wear blacks for the death of their fathers.
- Sir T. North.
5.The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black.
The black or sight of the eye.
- Sir K. Digby.
6.A stain; a spot; a smooch.
Defiling her white lawn of chastity with ugly blacks of lust.
- Rowley.
Black and white
writing or print; as, I must have that statement in black and white.
Blue black
a pigment of a blue black color.
Ivory black
a fine kind of animal charcoal prepared by calcining ivory or bones. When ground it is the chief ingredient of the ink used in copperplate printing.
Berlin black
See under Berlin.
v. t.1.To make black; to blacken; to soil; to sully.
They have their teeth blacked, both men and women, for they say a dog hath his teeth white, therefore they will black theirs.
- Hakluyt.
Sins which black thy soul.
- J. Fletcher.
2.To make black and shining, as boots or a stove, by applying blacking and then polishing with a brush.

Related Words

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Black act
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