Action

Definition of Action

Ac´tion
n.1.A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.
One wise in council, one in action brave.
- Pope.
2.An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.
The Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
- 1 Sam. ii. 3.
3.The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
4.Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.
5.(Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.
6.(Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.
7.(Orat.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.
8.(Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
9.(Law) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense.
10.(Com.) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks.
The Euripus of funds and actions.
- Burke.
11.An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.
12.(Music) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe.
Chose in action
(Law) See Chose.
Quantity of action
(Physics) the product of the mass of a body by the space it runs through, and its velocity.
To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have quarreled is a praiseworthy action.
- C. J. Smith.

Related Words

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