Acid

Definition of Acid

Ac´id
a.1.Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered.
He was stern and his face as acid as ever.
- A. Trollope.
2.Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.
n.1.A sour substance.
2.(Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the power of destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more generally with oxygen, and take their names from this negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.

Related Words

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Achromaticity
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achromatinic
achromatise
Achromatism
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Achroodextrin
Achroous
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Acicula
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Aciculiform
Aciculite
-Acid-
Acid albumin
Acid amide
Acid process
acid-forming
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Acidic
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